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Monday, August 19, 2013

What Make Music "Licensable"

As you begin diving into the realm of sync licensing, you might hear that some songs are more “licensable,” or licensing-friendly, than others. Some songs fit seamlessly into films, commercials and the like, and though they may not be by a well-known mainstream artist, they definitely have a certain je ne sais quoi and commercial appeal that helps them appeal to mainstream audiences. Even more importantly, these songs serve the purpose of the visual media with which they are synched – they have the power to both stand alone and be subservient to the action going on on-screen… and to add more depth to the scene on-screen. So, what makes some songs licensable?

Licensable songs utilize top-quality production; they are well-mixed and well-mastered. It should SOUND expensive. If your music SOUNDS like it was made in your bedroom, no one will care.

For example, think about Rebecca Black’s “Friday.” Sure, this song and Black herself are an absolute joke. However, NBC’s The Today Show definitely used this song coming in and out of commercials. Why…oh, why? Well, who knows, but let’s be honest on one thing. Those guys at Ark Music Factory do know how to make well-produced music. The production quality was solid, and it sounded like something you might hear on radio. It did, indeed, sound just as expensive as it probably was for Black’s parents to make that happen for their dear daughter.

The most licensable songs have lyrics that are vague enough to apply to the masses, and have lyrics with themes that are vague enough to apply to the masses. Music supervisors are picky about lyrics, especially in the commercial/promo realm. (By the way, commercial/promo placements pay well.) Telling a story in 30 or 60 seconds is hard. The less detail you go into, the more powerful the lyrics are, and the more people and situations they can apply to. The vaguer, the better! And the quicker you can get to the point with key words, even better. (Remember: Since often the lyrics just won’t work for a particular spot, ALL your songs with vocals should have an instrumental version! Be prepared, do that extra work now, and set yourself up for big money.)

o Partying – alcohol, drugs, sex, dancing.
o Love & Romance.
o The all-time classic break-up song.
o Overcoming challenges, hope for the future.
o It’s a happy joyous fun beautiful day!
o Had a bad day, it’s raining, woe unto me.
o Conquering, being a badass.

Alternatively, a lot of the most licensable songs have rarely any lyrics at all, perhaps only one basic phrase such as: “I can’t wait,” or “Ready, steady, go!”

Check out Paul Oakenfold’s “Ready Steady Go” in Saab’s epic Viggen car commercial below. Simple and highly effective lyrics. They can apply to multiple different opportunities needing music with pump-up, energetic, action-packed vibes!

Most licensable songs have an identifiable mood or vibe that pulls you in by the very first notes of the song; the song conjures up a particular emotion or vibe immediately. Take, for example:

Phrenik & Stiletto’s “Can’t Wait” – Check out that kickass electric guitar hook that slaps you in the face. This hook grabs your attention immediately. Not only that, but this song has the short and simple lyrics, “I can’t wait, wanna touch me, wanna love me.” This song is golden for a commercial because in a short span of time, we feel the pump-up energy and those lyrics can apply to almost anything.

D.V.S*, “Fortunes Won and Lost” – That bittersweet, nostalgic guitar is heart-wrenching. This is a perfect example of an intro that isn’t hard-hitting… but the immediate intimacy of that guitar texture strikes a chord with any listener and pulls you in.

So, we’ve addressed that licensable songs are always emotive of a particular vibe. What plays a huge part in this is the chord progression. In the most general sense, the chord progression creates the essential vibe and mood of the song. For example:

Hoob ft. MC Flax, “Girl” – Hoob may have called his song a “SUMMER SMASHER!!!”, but this song has an undeniably dark vibe. Why? That chord progression. It’s driving drum & bass, but that chord progression gives it a whole new meaning. It’s as if you’re driving forward leaving behind stories of a darker past (or whatever story you want to create). On that note, this is a perfect example of a song needing an instrumental version. A music supervisor might like this song for those driving yet darker vibes, but the lyrics MC Flax and Hoob use don’t quite match that storyline.

Another characteristic that makes songs licensable is having a memorable melody (whether embedded in lyrics or not) that can be:

For example, Kezwik’s “Let Go ft. Mimi Page” has a grandiose melody is sweeping and gorgeous with an element of wonder.

Watch this famous Kia Motors commercial using Ivan Gough & Feenixpawl’s “In My Mind ft. Georgi Kay.” The main melodic hook literally has 4 notes. It’s short, catchy, and totally memorable. Not only that, but that main lyric is so vague and perfect for a commercial selling any product: “This is what we’re waiting for.”

Yes, any non-classical piece of music can utilize these same techniques, just in the different context of genre.

o Strings are always cinematic.
o Piano can bring a vibe of intimacy. With reverb, it generates that gorgeous big-room sound.
o Guitars of all kinds.

This applies to genres like electronic music, too. For example:

Cryptex’s “Slay It” – Check out those badass arpeggiated strings in the intro. Let’s go save the world.

Phrenik & Kezwik ft. PLS DNT STP’s “Ready for Impact” features a hard-hitting string melody in the intro, giving this song a rushed, hardcore and exciting appeal. Let’s do this.

In Kezwik’s “Tame,” listen to that catchy piano riff, followed by a call in the trumpets. It breaks down into a head-nodding, bouncy jam with soaring synth melodies. The intro (before the heavy dubstep drop) is uplifting, fun & great for a commercial.

D.V.S*’s “Blame Me” – Guitarist & producer Derek Van Scoten starts off with that lonely, nostalgic, intimate electric guitar theme, but then grows it into a bigger, more cinematic and inspiring sound.

One of the most effective compositional structures and orchestration techniques of all time is this general “textural crescendo”: Layering sounds, one on top of the other, building up, and coinciding the instrumental build up with the chorus or climactic section. This applies to literally any genre of music. Example:

Overwerk’s “The Nth” – Listen from 1:15 onwards. Huge orchestral build-up with strings and heavy drum percussion. And what does it finally climax to? An absolutely killer pumping electro jam.

Please note that not all licensed songs have every single one of the above qualities. However, the above qualities are some important characteristics of songs that have been licensed before.

For example, above we actually described two different ways a song can be structured. The two are completely different, but both work for different types of visual media project needs.

1. A song can begin by starting with a sound or particular vibe, and stay that way throughout the entirety of the song. It can emit aggressive vibes like D.V.S*’s “Oxygen” with that badass electric guitar riff. Or, it can be chill, smooth, and romantic like Dorsh’s “Je t’aime.”

2. A song can start off one way and thereby grow, build up, and expand into a climactic section. Take, for example, Overwerk’s “Daybreak.” This epic electronic symphony starts with pizzicato strings only and builds into something entirely different. This song has been licensed multiple times, most famously in a GoPro commercial:

Absolutely epic, right?

Now that you hopefully have some new ideas brewing, take a listen to your catalog and address these characteristics. For your next tracks, perhaps try out some of these tools. Of course as artists we never want to sacrifice freedom and creativity, but at the same time it’s always fun and beneficial from a creative standpoint to use new tools and thought processes like those above when writing music. And who knows? Maybe you’re sitting on next summer’s blockbuster film trailer track. Take a look at Symphonic Distribution’s licensing page for info on how to get your music into the sync realm.

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